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Le Mirage, West Texas State Normal College Yearbook

Identifier: MS-64

Scope and Content Note

Le Mirage, the West Texas State Normal College Yearbook, with Georgia O'Keeffe as staff and Claudia O'Keeffe as a student, 1917. The yearbook contains individual staff photographs, and individual and group student photographs. Student writings, club activities, and athletics take up the majority of the yearbook.


  • Creation: 1917


Language of Materials

Materials in English.

Access Restrictions

Materials fragile. See Archivist for handling.

Copy and Reproduction Restrictions

Copies may be made for research purposes only.

Biographical and Historical Note

West Texas State Normal College formed in 1909 through legislation by the state congress. Canyon, TX was selected as the location for the school shortly thereafter, and the school officially opened its doors to students in 1910. As a normal college, West Texas originally focused on educating future teachers; however, the college would eventually expand its academic offerings and become present-day West Texas A&M University.

Hannah Swearingen originally owned the yearbook, and she took art courses taught by Georgia O'Keeffe while attending West Texas State Normal College. Hannah married Thomas D. Ficke and had two children, Joe and Frances. She died in 1945.

Georgia O'Keeffe joined the faculty at West Texas in 1916, where she headed the art department from 1916 to 1918. Georgia's younger sister, Claudia O'Keeffe, attended the college during this time. Also notably in the yearbook is O'Keeffe's friend, Ted Reid, and his future wife, Ruby Fowler.


1 item


West Texas State Normal College Yearbook from 1917. Yearbook includes photograph of Georgia O'Keeffe as staff and Claudia O'Keeffe as a student.

Acquisition Information

This collection was donated to the Georgia O'Keeffe Museum by Cliff and Joi Defee in 2022.

Credit Line

Gift of Cliff and Joi Defee.

Related Materials

For letters related to Georgia O'Keeffe's time in Texas, see: Georgia O'Keeffe's wartime Texas letters / selected, annotated, and edited by Amy Von Lintel; foreword by Bonney MacDonald.

Ownership and Rights

This collection is the physical property of the Georgia O'Keeffe Museum. The Museum holds rights only for material created by Museum personnel or given to the Museum with such rights specifically assigned. The collection is subject to all copyright laws. The researcher assumes full responsibility for observing all copyright, property, and libel laws as they apply. Contact the Archivist for further copyright and publication information as it pertains to this collection.

Explanation of Rights

Processing Information

This collection was processed by Ashley Baranyk in 2022.


Finding Aid to Le Mirage, West Texas State Normal College Yearbook, 1917
Ashley Baranyk
June 2022
Description rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description
Script of description
Code for undetermined script
Language of description note
Finding aid written in English.

Repository Details

Part of the Georgia O'Keeffe Museum Repository

217 Johnson Street
Santa Fe NM 87501 US